Bachelor of Engineering and Bachelor of Technology, both are widely accepted courses.
- BE is more knowledge based and B Tech is more on practical.
- Broadly, Universities offer BE and Institutes offer B Tech.
- Both have employable opportunities and also for higher studies and Research.
Students who have passed 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects, can opt for different courses in Engineering and on completion of the Course are awarded Bachelor of Engineering/Bachelor or Technology in the specified sector.
Admission to Undergraduate Courses in Engineering is through national level entrance test- Joint Entrance Examination (JEE).
Admission to prime Institutes like IITs is based on marks in JEE, JEE (Main).
Wards of serving/retired Army personnel can get admission in Army Institute of Technology, before any others try for the same.
The most popular disciplines include Mechanical, Chemical, Civil, Electrical and Aerospace engineering.
Course duration is 4 years.
Then there are Integrated Courses such as : B.E./B.Tech. + M.E./M.Tech; B.E./B.Tech. + MBA, which are of five years.
Few Course briefs given below:
Aerospace Engineering is the new name for Aeronautical Engineering. It is about study of the design, development, and production of air and spacecraft.
Depending on specialization, there could be Aeronautical Electronic Engineers, Aeronautical Mechanical Engineers.
It has vast field, including Aquaculture, Land Farming, Forestry. With Agriculture as a need based element of prosperity, there is huge scope, however, the present student community is not much attracted to this sector.
It is about researching, designing and developing vehicles, the heart of any vehicle. The study area also include: Designing new products, Finding solutions to engineering problems and Planning and designing new production processes.
Such Engineers are needed in large-scale production of pharmaceuticals, development of new semiconductor technologies; alternative energy sources etc. and also in research and development.
One of the old segment of Engineering, much in demand in construction, ports, airports, railways etc.
Civil Engineers are there behind any construction related activities, such as roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, bridges, railways, tunnels and many more. In addition to all this, civil engineers also play a key role in national disaster management activities.
Computer Science Engineering:
It is most wanted Course, in all Service Industries like Banking, Airlines, Insurance, Railways, Hospitals, where software solutions are needed. It is equally important in manufacturing and production units as well.
A prime field of requirement in Electricity, Power, Transport and in almost all infrastructure related organizations.
Electrical & Electronic Engineering:
Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that is generally required in any living conditions, as the same is applicable to commonly needed transport, healthcare, construction and house hold equipments.
It is a specialized field, into the science of measurement and control of process.
Required both in general engineering concerns and also in design devices like blood glucose monitors, aircraft sensors, smoke detectors, or dynamometers that measure torque.
A Specialized category, related to design and construction of seagoing vessels, like boats, ships etc.
A Marine Engineer would be maintaining all equipments in a ship. So the education calls for study on both mechanical and electrical related topics. Depending on his expertise, he could be on board of tanker vessels, passenger vessels etc. or shipyards, marine engineering firms, merchant navies.
Unlike other Engineering Degree holders, the Marine Engineers may have to be away from home for long time, as part of work assignments.
Mention any industry, this category of Engineers are needed. Demand is more in Steel, Heavy Engineering, Railways etc.
The study course involves the design, production, and operation of machinery and the Engineers have great role to play in automotive, aerospace, biotechnology, computer and electronics, manufacturing and many more.
Mining engineers are specialists in the extraction of minerals from the earth. The topics are varied, and tough too: geology, mineral processing, metallurgy, geotechnical engineering, surveying etc.
The engineers in this category specialize in technology and methods for digging the earth’s surface to extract oil and gas.
The subject of study includes Geology, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
The application is for development and manufacturing the textile fabrics and all type of yarns. With varied culture and different ways of clothing, the subject has good scope in India. The subject gives lot of scope for creativity.